Welcoming a new litter of puppies into the world can be an exciting and rewarding experience. However, whelping, or the process of giving birth, can also be a challenging and stressful time for both the mother and her owner. If you own a dachshund that is pregnant or are planning to breed your dachshund, it is important to be well-prepared for the whelping process to ensure the safety and health of the mother and her puppies.
Signs of Labour
The first step in preparing for whelping is to be able to recognise the signs of labour. This typically occurs around 63 days after mating but can occur anywhere from 58 to 68 days. Signs of labour include restlessness, panting, loss of appetite, and nesting behaviour such as digging or scratching at the bedding area.
Preparation for Whelping
To prepare for the whelping process, you will need to create a comfortable and safe whelping area for your dachshund. This area should be warm, dry, and quiet, and should consist of a whelping box with soft bedding and plenty of space for the mother and puppies. It is also a good idea to have a whelping kit ready, which should include items such as clean towels, scissors, a thermometer, and a heating pad.
Stages of Labour
The whelping process typically consists of three stages of labour. The first stage is characterised by contractions and dilation of the cervix, which can last up to 24 hours. During this stage, you should closely monitor your dachshund for any signs of distress or complications, and ensure that she has access to plenty of water and is resting comfortably. The second stage of labour is the delivery of the puppies.
This stage can last anywhere from 30 minutes to 4 hours, and during this time, you should provide support to your dachshund as needed, but avoid interfering with the process unless necessary. You should also ensure that each puppy is delivered safely and that the mother is able to care for them properly. The third and final stage of labour is the delivery of the placenta.
This typically occurs shortly after each puppy is delivered, and it is important to ensure that the mother passes each placenta to avoid the risk of infection.
Care of the Mother and Puppies
After whelping, it is important to provide proper care and nutrition to both the mother and her puppies. This includes ensuring that the mother has access to plenty of water and high-quality food and that she is getting enough rest. You should also monitor the puppies closely for any signs of distress or illness, and ensure that they are nursing properly and gaining weight. In conclusion, whelping dachshund puppies can be a challenging but rewarding experience.
By being well-prepared and knowledgeable about the process, you can help ensure the health and safety of both the mother and her puppies. If you have any concerns or questions about whelping, it is important to consult with your veterinarian for guidance and support.